4 FLOEA INDICA. scientific work that we offer this commencement of the Flora Indica to the public; but though the advancement of abstract science is indeed its primary object, yet as we yield to none in our estimate of the value of economic botany, we confi- dently trust that, as pioneers~in this department also, our labours will be found of material service. On this account we need scarcely offer an apology for our partial use of Latin, which is necessary, as well for economy of space, as because we are labouring for the benefit of Con- tinental botanists as well as English ones, and because we write under a sense of the obligation the former have ren- dered us, by having published in Latin (instead of French or German, or still less familiar languages) the many valuable v memoirs on economic and scientific Indian botany, which we owe to their exertions. When the flora of India is established on a scientific foundation, it will be desirable that a compen- dious English version of such a work as ours should be pro- vided for the use of those who do not pursue science for its own sake, but yet are desirous of availing theinaelves of its results: at present such an undertaking would be premature. Had it been possible to take up the economic plants of British India by themselves, and to present a history of them to the English reader, we should at once have devoted our- selves to the task, with the certainty of obtaining an amount of encouragement which a so-called paying work is sure to command, but which one of a more scientific nature it* not ' thought worthy of receiving. We should however only be deceiving the public, were we to propose a scheme wliich, in the present deplorably backward-state of scientific Indian bo- tany on the one hand, and the confusion of Indian economic botany on the other, is literally impracticable. Dr. Eoyltfa great work, published twenty years ago, is the only one on Indian plants that attempts to combine practical with sdea* .tific botany; but five volumes of its size would not bring the iu the Himalaya by tho common Acwitut* Na^Uw of Kurope and Korth America, as well as by other species of the genus.